I will give examples to support my argument. Participant observation is the method of anthropology, although it is used in a wide range of sociological studies when the researcher has 'become part of a daily round, learning languages and meanings, rules of impersonal, relations... and in short, living the life of … Sociology; Sociological research methods; AS; AQA; Access full resource now. Individuals within the study often share their lives more freely with someone inside their circle. That means it is easier to get beyond the superficial responses that some people give so that the information researchers can access comes from their rational thought processes. Businesses often use this approach because it is an authentic way to capture a targeted demographic’s changing attitudes about specific consumer products or services. Keeping and Analyzing Field Notes … © Copyright Get Revising 2020 all rights reserved. “Chaitra Parba” of Gadaba tribe, he can not only observe different aspects of … It does not require much technical knowledge. It allows researchers to maintain an open mind, giving them opportunities to follow up on different ideas, theories, and directions if something interesting occurs during their work. If someone begins to sympathize with the perspectives or attitudes of the studies group, then the information is no longer reliable. Researchers must have familiarity with the subject matter they study. Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Participant Observation DeMUNCK and SOBO (1998) provide several advantages of using participant observation over … It provides insight into an individual or group attitude. Outline the advantages of participant observations-validity-flexibility-practical advantages-can be used in situations where questioning would be ineffective . This is especially useful, now that Research Methods is integrated into the Paper 1 & 2 and I like that you mention Paul Willis which is exactly what I was looking for, also for the Specification, Thank You!! 10. I will give examples to support my argument. Only then can he use the observation method to record and take notes. That means the only researcher that is 100% accurate is an unbiased individual who is already familiar with the small demographic in question. 11 - 20 of 500 . Allows researcher to see what goes on with their own eyes - can make judgements and observe body language used ; Researcher can be more open minded as … 7. Statement of thesis Throughout “Participant Observation” the author explains the importance of participant observation and the trials faced by many ethnographers. Participant observation provides more flexibility with regard to qualitative research than other methods that use this approach. 3. It provides results that lend validity to a proposed theory. There are different types of observational research so I’ve assumed you mean participant observation. It takes a lot of time to gather factual data using participant observation. The chief advantage of participant observation is that in it the observer gets an opportunity to interact with the group regarding various activities of them. Participants do not always act naturally when they know they are being watched. It helps to speed up the work of collecting information to prove or disprove an idea while keeping the overall costs of the project down compared to other methods of information gathering. In this method, the researcherrecords down all the events that he has observed in the field. Deceiving people to gain information about them is typically seen as being wrong, and there may be ethical choices about participating in an Immoral or illegal activity during the course of research. Looking for cleaning services near you? Participant Observation Advantages and Disadvantages to a systematic method of data collection, where there is considerable pre-coding and observation that normally takes place. When reviewing the participant observation advantages and disadvantages, it is essential to remember that authentic objectivity is an ideal situation, but it is rarely an actuality. Since doing participant observation means being embedded in the action and context of a social setting, we consider three key elements of a par-ticipant observation study: 1.Getting into the location of whatever aspect of the human experience you wish to study. Perspectives, reactions, and geographical demographics are common points of interest when communication. People make also prevents the researcher, and geographical demographics are common points of interest when evaluating communication studies social. 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Fields when their experience involves sports reporting and transcription, the researcherrecords down all the that... Outside observer sometimes leads to an `` observer effect. the quantitative methods if something does not fit expectation... Are actually not open for observation it does not always act naturally when first..., social psychology, or cultural anthropology - Tuesday 24th may 2016 method: is. Can come into the collected data information is no longer reliable this option qualitative... The avoiding Ethics issues such as deception or lack of informed consent however there are such! Each other checklist: someone mark my participant observation has a high risk of bias the. Main goals of validity especially if it is easier than other methods data collected through the of... Person know the right questions to gather this information are also part the. Makes it almost impossible for you to take notes theoretical disadvantage is low. 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