First, it is important to notice who Paul says the curse is for. Our Heavenly Father has given these instructions to usHis childrenbecause He loves us and wants what is best for us. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1979. However the defiling of the land is best understood in quite a different sense than these views. (Galatians 3:10-14).” Journal of Biblical Literature 117, no. (CU) 68 The Lord will send you back in ships to Egypt on a journey I said you should never make again. The law is the Ten Commandments and all of the Pentateuch, (the first five books of the Bible). Instead he hangs as a representative in the place of sinful, covenant-breaking Israel. Vol. (W) 26 Your carcasses will be food for all the birds(X) and the wild animals, and there will be no one to frighten them away. Nevertheless, advocates of the anthropological The Jerome Biblical Commentary 1. This idea of hanging after execution is foreign to modern readers. 10:26-27), apparently designed to show that he was under the curse of God.” , Jeffrey Tigay offers an alternate explanation from Jewish tradition: “According to the Mishnah a gibbet (a pole with a horizontal beam) was erected and the dead man’s hands were bound and slung over the beam, leaving his body suspended. First, Paul quotes Deuteronomy 27:26: “Cursed is everyone who does not continue to do everything written in the Book of the Law.” It is clear that nobody obeys the law perfectly, so everybody falls under the curse of the law. 32 Your sons and daughters will be given to another nation,(AF) and you will wear out your eyes watching for them day after day, powerless to lift a hand. At this point in redemption history, Yahweh has delivered Israel from its Egyptian oppression, ratified the covenant with them at Sinai, established worship and sacrifice, and led them to the edges of the Promised Land.  In fact, the law, Paul says, was introduced to “imprison” everyone under sin as captives until Christ came to free his redeemed people from the confines of the law. (CG) 62 You who were as numerous as the stars in the sky(CH) will be left but few(CI) in number, because you did not obey the Lord your God. 19 You will be cursed when you come in and cursed when you go out. In order to understand the significance of Deuteronomy 21:22-23 for Israel, it must first be seen in its covenant context. Leicester, EN: Inter-Varsity Press, 1982.  It is from this law that Christ provides redemption. Merril, Eugene H. Deuteronomy. NIV Reverse Interlinear Bible: English to Hebrew and English to Greek. The curse has struck them because of their transgressions (sins). Paul indeed speaks of "the curse of the law" (Galatians 3:13 Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written, Cursed is every one that hangs on a tree: American King James Version ×), meaning a curse decreed by the law. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1979. (CL) You will be uprooted(CM) from the land you are entering to possess. Whatever the exact means, exposure served to degrade the criminal and warn others against similar conduct, and was perhaps originally intended as well to deprive him of proper burial.” . (AH) 34 The sights you see will drive you mad. Jim rejoices that God chooses insignificant people to bring glory to Himself. Apollos Old Testament Commentary 5. Jesus’ work on the cross follows a similar concept. Breaking the Law will bring curse. (AI) 35 The Lord will afflict your knees and legs with painful boils(AJ) that cannot be cured, spreading from the soles of your feet to the top of your head. The Bible Student’s Commentary. Deciding upon the correct meaning of the curse requires interpreters to look for clues in the rest of Scripture. Crannell, P. W. “Defile; Defilement,” Vol. Biddle, Mark E. Deuteronomy. “The Logic of Paul’s Argument on the Curse of the Law in Galatians 3:10-14.” Novum testamentum 39, no.  Even though there is no undisputed Biblical witness to this historical event,  given the seriousness of land defilement under the old covenant and the importance of Jesus as the divine God-man, it is not hard to see the destruction of national Israel as judgment for such an act. Kelli O’Brien clarifies the meaning of the various renderings: “A curse of God can be taken as subjective genitive, that is, God curses the one hanged, or it can be taken as objective genitive, that is, a hanged person curses God.”  O’Brien goes on to note that the objective genitive form is preferred by most Jewish interpreters and can mean a hanged person had cursed God and is punished by hanging or, alternatively, that the hanging of a body is an affront to God. Therefore, every Without faith in Christ, the Gentiles stand condemned not under the Mosaic law of Israel, but under the everlasting and universal law of God written on their conscience. (AZ) 42 Swarms of locusts(BA) will take over all your trees and the crops of your land. The most important thing in your life is your relationship with God. (AE) 31 Your ox will be slaughtered before your eyes, but you will eat none of it. As mentioned earlier, under the Mosaic covenant, the shedding of innocent blood caused the defilement of the land. Bruce, and J.I. Grand Rapids: Wm. They led tribes that defiled Yahweh’s land through idolatrous and immoral practices which brought them under judgment and curse. Additionally, as Jesus’ “New Israel” redeemed from under the law, the Twelve Apostles form a reconstituted Israel, washed clean from their covenant-breaking sin via faith in the death of Jesus on their behalf. 1 of The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, edited by Geoffrey W. Bromiley.  Thus the innocent king of Israel is executed under the regime of pagan occupiers of the Promised Land and a stark contrast to Joshua’s execution of the Canaanite kings. “Redeemed From The Curse of the Law” : The Use of Deut 21:22-23 in Gal 3:13.” Trinity Journal 10, no. Nashville: Broadman & Holman Publishers, 1994. With its destruction of both nation and temple, it is possible that Israel is thus “vomited” out of the land they have defiled through the murder of the innocent and divine Son of God. Although preserving the purity of the land was the major focus of the law, understanding that a hanging body indicates a curse is an important fact for consideration. B. Eerdmans Publishing Co., 1979. The procedure of same-day burial is also seen in Joseph of Arimathea’s request to bury Jesus when evening arrived. Obedience to the LORD and his laws is the way to enjoy the blessing (i.e. Third ed. Gods commandments are analogous to guidelines that wise parents in human families give to their children. Examples of this kind of hanging unfortunately included members of the covenant community of Israel as well. Your sheep will be given to your enemies, and no one will rescue them. So does Paul imply that covenant keepers will avoid the curse? According to Genesis 2 and 3, the curse is death. Deut. The application of the law by Joshua to an enemy outside the covenant shows that he saw the king of Ai as one cursed by God. The reason is that no one can obey the Law perfectly. All rights reserved. 53 Because of the suffering your enemy will inflict on you during the siege, you will eat the fruit of the womb, the flesh of the sons and daughters the Lord your God has given you. It is here, on the plains of Moab and on the verge of entry, Moses delivers the words of Deuteronomy that focus primarily on covenant life in the new land. (BT) 52 They will lay siege(BU) to all the cities throughout your land until the high fortified walls in which you trust fall down. Pelikan, Jaroslav, ed. Deuteronomy: A Commentary. All rights reserved worldwide. Bernstein, Moshe J.כי קללת אלחים תלױ” (Deut. You will come at them from one direction but flee from them in seven,(U) and you will become a thing of horror(V) to all the kingdoms on earth. In anthropomorphic language, such pollution then causes the land to “vomit out” its inhabitants, a sign of rejection and judgment via death or exile. 4Elect does not necessarily endorse every idea or comment in a video or article or quote created by a third party author, minister, etc.. Additionally, if we post one piece of material by an author or speaker, it certainly does not mean we endorse all content ever produced, or words spoken by, that particular individual. Luther, Martin. Nelson Richard D. Deuteronomy: A Commentary. Instead of being harmful, obedience to Gods holy law yields many benefits. (D), 17 Your basket and your kneading trough will be cursed. Jesus thus becomes a victorious king, not through the purging of the Promised Land from Gentile occupiers, but through freeing his redeemed subjects, bound in slavery under the curse of the law, who are unable to free themselves. Will eat none of it been redeemed from the curse for the.! 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